Saturday, 22nd September 2018

sandhyAvandanam/sandhyOpAsanA

WHAT?

"sandhyAvandanam" is a "nitya karmA", a daily obligatory duty of the dwijas. (those who wear the sacred thread)

“sandhyA” means ‘twilight’ and “vandanam” means ‘worship’.

sandhyAvandanam is the worship performed at dawn and dusk to the supreme Lord who is the indweller of the disc of the sun.  The meditative repetition of the gAyatri mantrA and the offerings of water called “arghyam”  are central to the “sandhyAvandanam” procedure.

“vEda mAtA gAyatree

The word "gAyatree" has its origin in the Sanskrit phrase “gAyantam trAyatE iti” which means that mantra which rescues the chanter from all adverse situations that may lead to mortality. 
gAyatree mantra finds its place in rig Veda samhitA 3. 62. 10.  
“gAyatri  is the mother of  vEdAs.  gAyatri mantrA is the most powerful mantra. She  is called tripAda gAyatri having three sections of 8 syllables each. ("tatsavitu:" to "prachOdayAt").  The "taittriya AranyakA"  2.10 and 2.11 describes about the pancha maha yagya and sandhyAvandanam to be performed by a dvija.  It also specifies that the praNava mantrA "Om" and the 3 mahAvyAhrutIs, "bhoo:, bhuva: and suva:" be always recited before the "gAyatri mantrA".  So the mantrA took the most powerful form as follows:   

The gAyatree mantrA is initiated by a brahmin priest/pandit during the "upanayana samskArA".                         The mantrA is given below for reference only.


Á pÉÔpÉÑïuÉý: xÉÑuÉþ: | iÉixÉþÌuÉýiÉÑuÉïUåÿhrÉÇý pÉaÉÉåïþ SåýuÉxrÉþ kÉÏqÉÌWû | ÍkÉrÉÉåý rÉÉå lÉþ: mÉëcÉÉåýSrÉÉÿiÉç ||
“Om bhUrbhuvassuva: tatsaviturvarENyam
bhargO dEvsya dheemahi diyOyOna: prachOdayAt”

We meditate upon the effulgence of that adorable supreme divine reality, the source of the physical, the astral and the heavenly spheres of existence.  May that supreme divine being enlighten our intellect, so that we may realise the supreme truth."
 
                    GAYATREE DEVI         
                                                                              
 
Sage Yagyavalkya says:
 
पूर्वा सन्ध्या तु गायत्री सावित्री मध्यमा स्मृता |
 
या भवॆत्पश्चिमा सन्ध्या सा विग्यॆया सरस्वती ||
 
"poorvA sandhyA tu gAyatree sAvitree madhyamA smrutA
 yA bhavEtpashchimA sandhyA sA vigyEyA sarasvatee"
 
"You are called "gAyatree” at dawn, sAvitree at mid-day and “sarasvatee” at dusk " and correspondingly we do the “prAta: sandhyA”, “mAdhyAhnikam” and “sAyam sandhyA” with salutations to the respective sandhyA dEvis.  
 

WHY?

1.  In Vishnu PurANA 2.8. (49 - 52) , Sri ParAsharA expounds to Sri maitrEya muni

 
सन्ध्या काले च सम्प्राप्ते रौद्रे परम दारुणे |
 
मन्देहा राक्षसा घोरा: सूर्य मिच्छन्ति खादितुम् ||
 
"sandhyA kAlE cha samprAptE roudrE parama dAruNE
 mandEhA rAkShasA ghOrA: soorya michChanti khAditum”
 
During the dreadful twilight (sandhyA - the conjunction of day and noon or noon and evening or night and day),a rAkshash gaNA called  “mandEhA” comes to eat up the sun. A war begins between the two.  This was due to the curse of prajApati in yonder years.
 
तत: सूर्यस्य तैर्युद्धं भवत्यत्यन्तदारुणम् |
 
ततो द्विजोत्तमास्तोयं  सन्ग्शिपन्ति महामुने ||
 
ॐ कार ब्रह्मसंयुक्तं गायत्र्या चाभिमन्त्रितम् |
 
तेन दह्यन्ति ते पापा वज्रीभूतेन वारिणा ||
 
“tata: sooryasya tairyuddhaM bhavatyatyantadAruNam  
 tatO dvijOttamAstOyaM  sangshipanti mahAmunE
 oum kAra brahmasaMyuktaM gAyatryA chAbhimantritam
 tEna dahyanti tE pApA vajrIbhootEna vAriNA
 
During these daily twilight wars, the chants of the “Om” mantrA  followed by the gAyatri and the libations of water given by the the dvijAs are converted into "vajrA” a weapon called thunderbolt which assist“soorya” in destroying the wicked demons.

It is said that the first “arghyam”- libations of water destroys the asurA’s vAhanam (vehicle), the second arghyam destructs their weapon and the third arghyam kills the demons.

2.  Manusmriti 2.102 says:

पूर्वां सन्ध्याम् जपंस्तिष्ठन् नैशम् एनो व्यपोहति |
 
पश्चिमाम् तु समासीनो मलम् हन्ति दिवाक्रुतम् ॥ 
 
“poorvAM sandhyAm japaMstiShThan naisham EnO vyapOhati
 pashchimAm tu samAseeno malam hanti divAkrutam”
 
He who does the morning japa in the sandhyAvandanA removes the guilt contracted during the previous night and he who performs it in the  evening with the western sun destroys the sins committed during the day.
 
3.  Taittriya Aranyaka 2 - 2- 1 says :
 
उद्यन्तमस्तम् यत्तमादित्यमभिध्यायन् कुर्वन् ब्राह्मणो विद्वान् ।
 
सकलम् भद्रमश्नुते सावादित्यो ब्रह्मेति ॥
 
“udyantamastam yattamAdityamabhidhyAyan kurvan brAhmaNo vidvAn
sakalam bhadramashnutE sAvAdityo brahmEti”

A brAhmaNa who contemplates on the rising and setting of the sun and does obeisance with gAyatree attains all bliss because this Aditya is  the Supreme Brahman.

 

WHO?

1. Boys or men who have been initiated with the“gAyatri  mantrA” at the time of “upanayanA” can start doing “sandhyAvandanam”.

2. After “upanayana”, the dvijA is entitled to perform certain duties amongst which sandhyAvandanam is foremost and mandatory.

BrAhmaNAs, kshatriyAs and vaishyAs are called dvijAs.

WHEN?

SandhyAvandanam should be performed three times a day.

1.  vishvAmitra smRuti 1.22-24, sandhyAtritayalakshaNam says:

प्रात: सन्ध्या
Morning sandhyA prayers

उत्तमा तारकोपेता मध्यमा लुप्ततारका ।

अधमा सूर्य सहिता प्रातस्सन्ध्या त्रिधा मता ॥

uttamA tArakopetA madhyamA luptatArakA
adhamA soorya sahitA prAtassandhyA tridhA matA.
The best time to start the sandhyA prayers is before sunrise when the stars are still visible , next in preference is when the stars become invisible, and the sandhyAvandanam started when the sun is visible is not at all preferred. These are the 3 advices on prAta: sandhyA.
 
माध्याह्निक सन्ध्या
mAdhyAhnika sandhyA prayers

उत्तमा पूर्वसूर्या च मध्यमा मध्यसूर्यका ।

अधमा पश्चिमादित्या मध्यसन्ध्या त्रिधा मता ॥

uttamA poorvasooryA cha madhyamA madhyasooryakA
adhamA pashchimAdityA madhyasandhyA tridhA matA
The best time to start afternoon sandhyAvandanam is when the sun begins to move right above our head, the next in preference is when the sun shifts slightly towards the west, and the sandhyA performed when the sun is at the west is not at all preferred.  These are the 3 advices on madhya sandhyA.
 
सायम् सन्ध्या
sAyam sandhyA

उत्तमा सूर्यसहिता मध्यमा लुप्तभास्करा ।

अधमा तारकोपेता सायंसन्ध्या त्रिधा मता ॥

The best time to start evening sandhyAvandanam is when the sun is visible and about to set, the next in preference is when the sun has already set  and the sandhyA performed after the stars have become visible is not at all preferred.  These  are the 3 advices on sAyam sandhyA.

It is to be noted that  prAtah sandhyA should start before sunrise and the japa should continue till the orb (disc) of the sun is seen.

mAdhyAhnikam should start somewhere around 11.30 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. This is the time when the sun is not very hot.  

The time for sAyam sandhyA starts at the time when sun’s disc is about to set and the japa should continue till the rise of the stars.

Manusmriti 2.101 says

पूर्वां सन्ध्याम् जपांस्तिष्ठेत् सावित्रीम् आ-अर्कदर्शनात् ।
 
पश्चिमाम् तु समासीन: सम्यग् ऋक्षविभावनात् ॥
 
"poorvAM sandhyAm japAnstiShThEt sAvitreem A-arkadarshanAt
 pashchimAm tu samAseenaha samyag  RukShavibhAvanAt”

 Let him stand during the morning twilight muttering sAvitree until the sun appears but
 let him sit with the evening- western sun reciting it until he can see the stars.

Manusmriti 4.94 says

ऋषयो दीर्घसन्ध्यत्वात् दीर्घमायुरवाप्नुयुः ।

 
प्रज्ञाम् यशश्च कीर्तिम् च ब्रह्मवर्चसमेव च ॥ 
 
“riShayO deerghasandhyatvAt deerghamAyuravApnuyuhu
pragyAm yashashcha keertim cha brahmavarchasamEva cha”

Ancient seers attained long life, fame, intelligence and spiritual eminence by long SandhyA prayers.  That is why more time should be devoted for sandhyA prayers.

WHERE?

1. It can be performed in the house, on a clean floor or in the courtyard preferably where the sun is visible at dawn and dusk. Otherwise at the altar of the house.

गृहे त्वेकगुणासन्ध्या गोष्ठे दशगुणास्मृता ।

शतसाहस्रिका नद्याम् अनन्ताविष्णु सन्निधौ ॥

“gruhE tvEkaguNAsandhyA gOSHTHE dashaguNAsmrutA 

shatasAhasrikA nadyAm anantAviSHNu sannidhou.

If the sandhyAvana performed at home bestows one unit of merit, then the sandhyavandanam performed in a cowshed will give 10 times the merit (gOShThe dashagunAsmrutA), and the one performed at the river gives more than 1000 times the merit  (shata sAhasrikA nadyAm) , and countless merits shall accrue if performed at Vishnu Sannidhi/or in temple ( anantAvishnu sannidhow). 

HOW?

 

sandhyAvandanam or sandhyOpasanA procedures should be learnt from your guru/pandit officially at the time of "upanayanA", the initiation ceremony of the sacred thread because they contain mantrAs from the VedAs and have swarAs.  Thereafter, it can be practised with the help of your elders or through other medias. 

Please click on "My sandhyAvandanam" icon to get your personalised complete procedure. 

In the morning we do “PrAtah sandhyAvandanam” or “PrAtah sandhyOpAsanA”

In the afternoon we do “MAdhyAhnikam”

In the evening we do “SAyam sandhyAvandanam” or “SAyam sandhyOpAsanA”

The traditional sandhyAvandanam procedure has 2 parts.

1) poorva bhAgam  and 2) uttara bhAgam

1) poorva bhAgam has those basic purificatory karmAs like Achamanam, angavandanam, praNAyAmam, sankalpam, prOkshaNam, prAshanam, punar mArjanam, arghya pradhAnam, Atma anusandhAnam, Navagraha/keshavAdi tarpaNam.

2) uttara bhAgam has the main gAyatri japa sankalpa, gAyatri AvAhanam, gAyatri japa nyAsam, gAyatri dhyAnam, gAyatri japa, upasthAnam, digdEvatA vandanam, dig vandanam, soorya nArAyaNa vandanam,  kshamA prArthanA and abhivAdanam.

Some sections of the sandhyAvandanam mantrAs differ according to castes and sub-castes..Kindly register your membership and update your caste details in the profile and then click on "My sandhyAvandanam" to get your complete sandhyAvandanam procedure.

THINGS REQUIRED

1. alt2. alt

 3. altalt 4.

 

A kalash or a sombu can be used instead of a panchapAtra to hold water.

EXCEPTIONS

1. If one is not able to perform sandhyAvandanam at the right time, he can chant the prAyashchitta mantra - “kAlAteeta prAyashchittArtha arghya pradAnam kariSHyE” and perform the sandhyAvandanam. This is only an exception and not a convenient rule.

2. A person can do mAdhyAhnikA in the morning after prAtah sandhyA in case he finds no time in the afternoon.

3. Even if a person is impure owing to mourning or of a birth in a family, he must perform sandhyAvandanam till "arghyapradAna" and must tell the mantrAs in the mind and not aloud.

4.  Even if a person is very ill, he must at least do the gAyatree japam.

DHARMA SPEAKS

Meditation or "dhyAnA" is the key healing word today.   We need not run hither and thither for this. There is an inborn healer inside us and that is our prAnA (life force).  "sandhyAvandanam" encompasses the techniques of yogA and meditation.   The prAnA, body and the mind are directed in a disciplined manner with the all powerful gAyatri mantras in a comprehensive manner. It is a divine way of connecting with nature.

 

"O sons of God, ye great achievers who accomplish herculean tasks,

doing trikAl sandhyA is a cinch."

MY SANDHYAVANDANAM

PDFpdf

Please update the relevant fields in your Profile, in order to view your Sandhyavandanam.

यदक्षरपदभ्रष्टं मात्राहीनं तु यद् भवॆत्। तत्सर्वं क्षम्यतां दॆव नारायण नमॊस्तुतॆ॥   विसर्गबिन्दुमात्राणि पदपादाक्षराणि च। न्यूनानि चातिरिक्तानि क्षमस्व परमॆश्वर॥ अपराध सहस्राणि क्रियन्तॆ हर्निशं मया। तानि सर्वाणी मॆ दॆव क्षमस्व पुरुषॊत्तम॥

Prostrations to thee, Lord NArAyaNA, Please forgive me for all those defects in the letters, words or phonetics that I have uttered.  Oh!ParamEshwarA, please forgive me for all those defects in using the visarga (:), the bindu (.) or intonation of words, phrases or alphabets. Oh! PuruShOttamA, I have committed thousands of sins day and night. Please forgive me for all that.

Comments  

 
#16 vaidyanath 2015-02-07 00:03
You are doing a good job may goddess gayatri bless you
 
 
#15 Nakul Deshmukh 2014-09-30 11:57
Namaste!

In the my samskaaras tab, i am asked to fill my profile so that i can view the sandhyavandan procedure specific to my gotra etc. hence, i have filled my entire profile except for two things:
1.sarman
2.sootra
So could you help me in filling up my profile by letting me know as to what are the details that are necessarily required to view the sandhyavandan procedure?
 
 
#14 Nakul Deshmukh 2014-09-23 14:33
Namaste!

I would like to know the procedure for doing rigvedic sandhyavandan with all the the mudras and the nyasaas invovled.Could you please help me in this regards?
My details are as follows:
Shaakha: Rigved
Varna: Kshatriya
 
 
#13 Siddhartha Srirama Sharma 2014-08-03 12:11
There is nothing wrong with any Dvija who has received Upanayana, chanting Gayatri. But for Sandhyavandanam , the Savitr mantra is to be chanted in the Gayatri Chhandas for the Brahmana. There is another Savitr mantra in the Trishtubh chhandas for a Kshatriya and a Savitr mantra in the Jagati Chhandas for a Vaishya.

I am very happy to see non-Brahmana Dvijas doing all this. Just want to make sure that you aall get to do it perfectly so that you may all receive the fullest blessings. If i am not wrong, the mantra for Kshatriyas is RV 1.35.2 Krsnena rajasa....Learn ed folks, add ur comments.
 
 
#12 Venu 2014-07-24 15:53
Dear Sir,

This site is very usefull. do you have procedure for Kshatriya sandyavandanam. .Let me know if you need any details. Thanks.
 
 
#11 Senthil Kumar 2013-09-27 14:30
Hi Sir,

Thanks a lot.. Finally I got to know about my Sutra.. It is Abastanmba. could you please help me now?

Thanks,
Senthil

Quoting the samskaaram team:
Namaste! sri senthil kumar,
Its heart-warming to know that you are doing gaayatri japa 11 times and that you are interested in doing the sandhyaavandanam in detail. The sandhyaavandanam procedure differs in
form according to castes and sub-castes. We have started with a few castes in South India. We will very soon communicate to you about the exact procedure relating to kshatriya sect. Please let us know which sutra your elders have followed for example for :aapastamba,bodhaayana etc. We shall then try to help you with this.

thank u so much
practise and preserve for posterity
 
 
#10 Samskaaram.com 2013-09-22 16:26
Hello shri Sunil,
Currenlty we have the sandhyOpasana procedure for a few sects. Please let us know your profile details like viz; Veda shAkhA, Sootra, any additional caste details so that we can work on your personalised sandhyavandanam procedure.
 
 
#9 Sunil 2013-09-22 15:21
I would like to read sandhyavandanam vidhan in detail. Please make it available or if it is available in this block, let me know the path of it.
 
 
#8 Samskaaram.com 2013-08-18 11:59
Thank you for your positive feedback and blessings.
We will work on it and update as and when it is ready.
Thankyou again
 
 
#7 Narayanan 2013-08-18 09:35
You are doing very useful service and may Goddess help you for greater services.
Gayatri picture is very nice.
Could you help with three different pictures of Gayatri-- as She takes shape in three different times-Morning, Afternoon and Evening