Thursday, 13th December 2018

4

 

Number 4 चत्वार:/चतस्र:/चत्वारि

Number Sanskrit Term Translitn Sanskrit List Translitn Meaning Citation
4
महावाक्यानि

mahAvAkyAni - 

the 4 great sayings

1 प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्मा
2 अयम् आत्मा ब्रह्मा
3 तत् त्वम् असि
4 अहम् ब्रह्मास्मि
1 pragyAnam brahma 
2 ayam AtmA brahma
3 tat tvam asi
4 aham brahmAsmi
1 ' supreme knowledge is Brahman '
2 'This self  is Brahman'. 
3 'Thou art That' 

4'I am Brahman' 

(aitareya upanishad 3.3 of the Rig veda)
(MaaNdukya upanishad 1.2 of Atharva veda)
(ChaandOgya Upanishad 6.8.7 of the Saama veda)
(BruhadaaraNyaka Upanishad 1.4.10 of Yajur veda )
4
चतुर्वेद
chatur veda

the 4 vEdAs - vid means knowledge

ऋग्वेद
यजुर्वेद
सामवेद
अथर्व वेद
Rug veda
yajur veda
saama veda
atharva veda
'Rc' means "praise verse". .
'yajus' means sacrificial formula
'Saaman' means tranquility. 
Sacred text of knowledge by atharvan RuSHi.
 
4
चतुरात्मा
chaturAtma
-the 4 faculties of the soul
मन
बुद्धि
चित्
अहङ्कार
mana 
buddhi
chit
ahankaar
Mind
Discriminative faculty
Storage of impressions
the ego 'I'.
 
4
चतुर् वर्णाश्रम
chaturvarNaashrama - 4 AshramAs of human life.
ब्रह्मचर्य
गृहस्थ
वानप्रस्थ
सन्यास
brahmacharya
gruhastha
vaanaprastha
sanyaasa
Celibate student life  

Married householder

Retired 

 
renounced life  
 
4

चतुर्तन्त्र

चतुरोपाय

chaturtantra

chaturOpAya

4 step by step techniques/sarasa of ruling or conquering

साम
दान
भेद
दण्ड
sAma
dAna
bheda
danDa
Persuation
Temptation
Separation
Punishment